Saturday, 11 June 2022

Thomas Stallard - his breakfast was usually toast and cider

Hereford Times

24 Aug 1833


Longevity.- On Wednesday last, at Little Birch, in this county, Thomas Stallard, in the 109th year of his age!  It is remarkable that he never, till within the last fortnight, had any serious illness, and had the use of all his mental faculties to the last moment. He reaped his own wheat last year, and, about two year previous, he was seen hunting on horseback, and enjoying the sport of the chase with as much gusto as any sportsman in the field. His breakfast was usually toast and cider, of which beverage he drank freely till his decease.

Wednesday, 6 April 2022

Drs Hickson and Mitchell, Oculists and Aurists, Ballarat, Australia

We know from a couple of sources that Edward Mitchell may have been an oculist.

We also know that he was of Peel Street, Ballarat.

So I was very interested when I saw the following notice which ran at least 66 times in the Empire Newspaper from Tuesday, 17 May 1864 to Monday 1 August 1864.

Empire Newspaper (Sydney, New South Wales)
Tuesday, 17 May 1864


Drs. HICKSON and MITCHEL, Oculists and Aurists,
are prepared to undertake the treatment of all forms of
Eye Disease; and their large experience and marvellous
success have enabled them to announce that,- by a
process not yet, known to the medical world, they can
positively restore the sight to all persons suffering from
any kind of opacity.

Drs. H. and M. have restored to sight and the duties
of social life, many who had been consigned to asylums
for the remainder of their days. They had been pre-
nounced by the faculty incurable;.they now see and
follow their vocations.

Communications may be made in reference to terms
and conditions, to Drs. HICKSON and MITCHELL,
Oculists and Aurists, Ballarat, Victoria.

In an article in the The Star (Ballarat, Victoria) on Thursday, 11 Jun 1863, titled Cause List, Macfarelane v Hickson which detailed

"...a complaint brought by a medical man against the defendant under the Medical Practitioners' Act, sec.7 for assuming the style and title of "doctor," without being registered according to the Act, and therefore unlicensed to act as a medical man."

it clearly shows that Dr Hickson lived at Peel Street the same street that we know Edward Mitchell lived in.

"...The defendant denied that he called himself a doctor. William Macfarlane deposed that he knew the defendant. He resided in Peel street, and had a sign over the door with "Dr Hickson" on it. He had a sign board in the hall of the Mechanics' Institute also with "Dr Hickson" on it..." 

But I would like to find something else that shows a connection between John Bell Hickson and Edward Mitchell.

Saturday, 26 February 2022

Thomas Barrett, Saracen's Head, Wyebridge, Hereford, England

Hereford Times - Saturday 23 October 1852

Alarming Fire.—Early on Sunday morning, Mr. Barrett the Saracen's Head, Wyebridge, and his family, had a narrow escape from destruction by the means of fire. We are informed that about 3 a.m., Mrs. Barrett awoke with a burning sensation in her throat, and at first attributed it to having eaten something injurious on the previous night, but could not remember that she had done so. While cogitating the matter she became thoroughly awake, and then discovered that the room was full of smoke. She instantly rose, opened the bed-room door, and found that the lower part of the house was on fire. Mrs. Barrett then raised her husband, who had not been awakened by the smoke, and, having partially dressed herself, took their child, and made her escape from the house to that of a neighbour, arousing one or two other neighbours she went. While she was thus engaged, Mr. Barrett ran, barefooted, and with scarcely any clothes on, to the City Gaol, for the engines. The fire-bell speedily rang -the engines were immediately got out, and quickly on the spot—and the exertions of the firemen, aided by a number of respectable citizens chiefly from High Town, soon brought the fire under. It was afterwards found by a policeman that the fire had arisen in the ash-pit which goes down into the cellar, from (it is supposed) some hot cinders having fallen on some oak beams which run across nearly under the fire-place. Had not the fire been discovered early, as it providentially was, the total destruction of the beams would not have been a matter of very long time, and then the house would have probably fallen in, burying the inmates in the ruins, even if the fire should have extended further, which very improbable, the internal part of the house being old. Happily, the damage actually is done comparatively slight.


Some background about Thomas and the Saracen's Head.

Hereford Journal - Wednesday 11 February 1852

The Saracen's Head.

Mr. Gough, member of the committee appointed to inspect and report on the state of these premises, stated that Mr. Stephens, Mr. Hatton, and himself had examined them, and their opinion, after being put in pretty good repair, they may be let at rent of 35l. a-year; but it would take something like a year's rent to put the house into repair. There were several things, such as fixtures and windows, valued at 10L or ]51., that belonged to the tenant, but which ought to be the property of the landlord.

Mr. Hatton, jun., said, the roof of the large room was a very dilapidated state, and he should like to take the opinion of the Town-Clerk or some other professional man as to whose duty it was to make the repairs. By the lease the tenant covenanted to leave the premises in tenantable state of repair, himself, his heirs, or assigns. The original lessee, Mr. Prothero; had left for some years, and the lease had been handed from one tenant to another, being now in the possession of Mr. Davies. He thought himself that not much less than 50l. would be sufficient for all the repairs. A very respectable tenant (Mr. Barrett) had just taken the Saracen's Head for the remainder of the lease ; but he was not willing to run the risk of entering upon the premises without security from the Council that they would continue him as tenant. It was desirable that the matter should be looked into more closely, and he suggested that some gentleman should move a postponement. 


Hereford Times - Saturday 10 April 1852

Publicans' Licenses.—On Monday last, at the Guildhall, the following licenses were transferred ; that of the City Arms Hotel, from the representatives of the late Mrs Mary Humphreys, to Mr. William Smyth ; that of the Kerry Arms, from Mr. William Smyth to Mr. John Hankins; that of the Punch Bowl, from Mr. John Hankins to Mr. William Smyth ; that of the Ship Inn in the Ross road, from Mr. Joseph Morgan to Mr. Samuel Chard ; that of the Saracen's Head, from Mr. William Davies to Mr. Thomas Barrett; that of the Royal George, Widemarsh-street, from Mr. William Barnes to Mr. Robert Witcombe ; and that of the Elephant and Castle, St. Peter's street,from Mr. Charles Watkins to Mr. Benjamin Browning. A license was granted by the Magistrates for the Bowling Green Inn, in Bewell-street. Some objections were made to the charges of the Magistrates' Clerk, by- Mr. Stephens, but Mr. Charles Owen explained to the Magistrates' satisfaction, and the Mayor remarked that Mr. Owen was always very particular in not exceeding the charges to which he was entitled by Act of Parliament. With respect to the notices required to be given by Act of Parliament to Overseers, &c, on the part of any person applying for the transfer of a license, it was stated that Mr. Smyth had served his own notice. Such services were excused on the present occasion ; but the Mayor stated that on all future occasions, it would be deemed indispensable that these notices should be served by the proper officer of the Court ; a fact we are requested to mention. 


The Saracen's Head. Mr. Hatton stated the proceedings which had been taken by the committee in reference to the state of the Saracen's Head, and their inability to come to any arrangement with Mr. Price or Mr. Hiles. The house is in such a dilapidated state that the present tenant, Mr. Barrett, is obliged to stuff rags and other things in the roof to keep out the wet, and to place pails and buckets to catch the water that runs through, notwithstanding this. Mr. Price or Mr. Hiles was the proper person to repair the house, according to the covenant of the lease to leave the house "in a tenantable state of repair." One half of the roof had been repaired, but the other half was left unrepaired. There was an excellent malthouse attached to the house, but from which the kiln and other appurtenances connected with the malting had been taken away, and applied to the party's own use. This he was in a position to prove in a court of justice. He could not consent to public property being sacrificed in this way without trying in a court of law to make parties do that which they had covenanted to do. The Town- Clerk had written to Mr. Price, who had put the matter in the hands of Mr. Gough, from whom a communication had been received stating that Mr. Price was from home, and requesting the matter to be deferred until Monday next. He thought the committee, after the failure of all their attempts, could do no less than ask the Council to instruct the Town-Clerk to take legal proceedings against the party whom he should consider to be liable, in order that the house might be put in proper repair. To restore the kiln and other things which had been taken away from the malthouse, would cost at least 30l.

Mr. Stephens concurred in Mr. Hatton's recommendation, adding that the rain now came in down to the lower floors, threatening to destroy the whole fabric.

In reply to Mr. Myer, Mr. Hatton said that Mr. Price (who it appears was the last holder of the lease, which was granted 40 years ago to Mr. Prothero), was so determined to get his money from the tenant, that threatened to put in an execution immediately upon the half-year's rent becoming due. In consequence of this, the tenant of the Council (Mr. Barrett) was obliged to pay for fixtures which were not fixtures at all. If the fulfilment of the terms of the lease were not enforced, they would sacrifice 60l. or 70l. altogether.

It was agreed, upon the proposition of Mr. Myer, seconded by Mr. Parry, that the Town Clerk be authorised to take legal proceedings against the party who is liable, to enforce the proper repairing of the house, according to the covenant of the lease, and the restoration of all fixtures which have been illegally abstracted ; this resolution not to prevent the committee from accepting any reasonable terms, if such should be offered by Mr. Price or his solicitor. 


Hereford Times - Saturday 11 December 1852



Sir, —Having seen in the columns of your paper of the 27th ult. two letters, hearing the signatures of “Samuel Hawkins,” P.C., of Saint Devereux, and "Walter Prosser," farmer, of Trelough, in the same parish, wherein they take upon themselves all the merit of the capture of the men, taken in this city on the 5th ult., for the late burglary at Llanover, I should esteem a particular favour, having been principally concerned in the capture of one of the burglars, if you will allow me a brief space to make a few remarks upon some of the passages contained in those letters, and to state to the public the real facts of the case regards the capture in which I was concerned. I should have written upon this subject last week, had it not happened that my time of late has been much occupied in the discharge of my duties as one of the Serjeants of the Herefordshire Militia, that I had not time to attend to it at an earlier period. It is not intention to follow Mr. Hawkins (with whom have the most to do) through the details of his letter respecting his suspicions of whom the parties were when he passed them near the parish church of St. Devereux, his complaint against his superior officer (P S. Paine, of the Abbeydore district for not doing as he desired him, &c, &c.; but I shall principally confine myself to writing what occurred relative to the prisoner that was captured near Wyebridge, and to what more immediately concerns myself.

The following are the true facts of the case :—Between six and seven o'clock the evening of the 5th November, P.C. Hawkins called house and requested me to go with him in search of a man, whom he said he was in pursuit of for passing bad money at Trelough, never mentioning to me that he had the least suspicion he was one the men engaged in the burglary at Llanover although in his letter he says he had such suspicion when he previously saw them near the church at St..Devereux. Hawkins told me that the man he was pursuit of was 5 ft. 4 in. in height, whereas the height of the one we captured afterwards proved to be 5 ft. 7 in. I went with Hawkins, as he requested, and he placed me and Mr. Prosser in one of the recesses on Wyebridge, in order that might identify the party if he should pass that way. During the time we were waiting there a great number of persons passed, and among the rest three men, of whom I took particular notice, and one of whom I immediately suspected was the man “wanted” by Hawkins. I immediately crossed from my place of concealment to the opposite side of the road, and after looking each of the men in the face, I called Mr. Prosser and asked him if one of them (the man suspected) was not the man that Hawkins wanted. Mr. Prosser assured me he was perfectly satisfied that neither of them was the man, they were all too tall. Notwithstanding Mr. Prosser's assurance to the contrary, I was pretty sure that the party I had noticed was the man Hawkins wanted, as he continued looking back, and pretended to call to another party behind him ; and at that moment Mr. Prosser turned into the Saracen's Head to take some refreshment. Hawkins then returned from the city, whither he had gone to give information, and asked me if I had seen anything of the man he had given me the description of. I told him that I had seen some men whom I suspected, but Mr. Prosser had assured me they were all taller than the man he was seeking for. Hawkins then invited me into the Saracen's Head to have glass of ale, but, from prudential motives, I declined his invitation, telling him that I would go in and have one when he came out, thinking that, if went in with him, the man might pass in the meantime, and that the capture might thus be prevented. During the time Hawkins remained in the Saracen's Head, the man previously particularly referred to (whose name proved to be Arnold) returned, when he appeared to be much confused. I then followed him into Wyebridge-street, and near the Black Lion met a boy named Wm. Mason, whom I requested to go to the Saracen's Head and tell Hawkins to follow me up Wyebridge-street. Hawkins shortly overtook me, and I told him I thought Arnold was the man he wanted, which I was led to believe from own observations of his conduct. Having heard that he would have to pass through some water on his road from St. Devereux to this city, Hawkins and I felt his trousers, and found they were wet. We brought our prisoner back to the end of the bridge near the Saracen's Head, when he endeavoured to make " a bolt" down the steps to the side of the river, but we prevented him from succeeding in his attempt. Whilst I was holding the prisoner by the right side of the collar, Hawkins having hold of him on the other side, he drew something from his right pocket, which l at first thought was case-knife. I immediately attempted to seise it, as I thought by the handle, but then found it was a pistol, the muzzle of which I endeavoured to avert in a direction not to injure any party, and in struggling for it the cap went off, but the contents the pistol .it being loaded with powder and ball, providentially did not explode. When the cap exploded. P.C. Hawkins cried out most manfully for assistance perhaps thinking he was shot—and Mr. Barrett, landlord of the Saracen's Head, came out and seized the ruffian behind. We then dragged him into the Saracen's Head, where I allowed Hawkins the honour of searching him, of which appeared very desirous. Mr. Barrett knew that I had been stationed on the bridge some time previous, on the “look out" for some party, but he knew not whom. We afterwards conducted the man to the station-house, when we were informed that P.C. Preece had captured another party. In his letter, Hawkins says: I immediately recognised him as one of the parties had seen at St. Devereux ; "whereas the fact was that Hawkins, on seeing him, said he was not one of the men, and requested he might set at liberty. Upon this I tapped Mr. Adams on the shoulder, and told him I was certain he was one of the men who passed over the bridge with the other prisoner, Arnold; I made a request that he might be detained, and he was detained accordingly. I was, sir, well satisfied with the fair and impartial account of the evidence which appeared in one of your previous numbers ; and had not P.C. Hawkins, with his eye on the reward, thought proper to sound on his trumpet the false notes of his own praise, I should not have troubled you with the present remarks, which I declare to be a fair and honest account regards the capture of the prisoner Arnold, but which is strangely at variance with the account supplied to you by Hawkins. Moreover, I would ask why did not Hawkins, if he thought the men were really the perpetrators of the burglary at Llanover, when he saw them at St. Devereux, tell me his suspicions, instead of telling me that he was only in pursuit of one man for passing a bad half crown? And what will all his brother police-officers think of Hawkins when I inform them that, on the Saturday after the capture he went to my house and endeavoured to gain possession from my wife of the pistol I had taken from Arnold, and which he knew I ought to produce in evidence? And ought not Hawkins to have told me that loaded fire-arms had been taken from the prisoner whom Paine had captured, that I might have been more on guard in apprehending another of the gang? I perfectly agree with Mr. Prosser when he says “let merit have its reward” but I do ask you, sir, I do ask the public, whether, after what I have stated, and which I solemnly declare to he the truth it, to .Mr. Samuel Hawkins belongs all the merit capturing Arnold, or whether he ought, as he would wish, to receive the whole of the reward ? What probably would have become of the prisoner Arnold, if had accepted Hawkins's invitation to accompany him drink ale, instead of having looked after the prisoner ? The probability is that he would entirely have escaped.

I am, sir, an unfortunate yuong man who has been in the service of my Queen and Country, from which I was discharged on account of ill health ; and therefore I think it hard that a brother officer in the police-force should endeavour, from selfish motives, to deprive me of just share of the praise and reward due for the capture of one of these daring burglars, and to make the world believe that all the merit belongs to himself.


Member the City Police, and late of her

Majesty's 30th Regt. of Foot.

Hereford, December 6th, 1852. 


Hereford Journal - Wednesday 30 March 1853


A BLACK GREYHOUND DOG, about twelve months old, little ticked with white, not quickly discernible; answers to the name of " Tippo." Whoever will bring him to Mr. Barrett, of the Saracen's Head, shall be rewarded for their trouble. If Stolen, whoever will give information of the thief shall, on conviction, receive One Sovereign Reward. 


Hereford Journal - Wednesday 13 April 1853

Henry Smith, railway labourer, was charged with having broken "a jug and two glasses the Saracen's Head Inn, for which he refused to pay. Mr. Barrett, the landlord, did not appear to prosecute, and the defendant was then convicted of having been drunk and using obscene language.—Mr. Bennett told the defendant that the Bench, who had hitherto dealt most leniently with railway labourers, could not permit such conduct as he had been guilty of to go unpunished, particularly when it was committed on the Sabbath. He would now be fined in the small sum of 1s. and costs, or seven days imprisonment, but if he ever came there again he would be fined heavily. 


Hereford Times - Saturday 01 April 1854

City of Hereford.

To inn-keepers and others

Unreserved by Auction, on Friday and Saturday next, April 8th and 9th, 1854.

Mr WILLIAM BOTTRELL will SELL by AUCTION, on Friday and Saturday next, the 8th and 9th days of April, 1854, on the Premises, at the Saracen's Head Inn, Wye-bridge, the property of Thomas Barrett, who is leaving the Premises, the whole of the neat and modern HOUSEHOLD and EFFECTS, likewise the STOCK, in Spirits, Beer and Cider, Casks, Hogsheads, and Barrels, Brewing Utensils, Fixtures, Gas Fittings, &c.-Particulars in bills.

Sale each day punctually at 2 o'clock. [2951


Thomas Barrett, Saracen's Head, near Wye bridge and his extensive preparations for emigrating to Australia

Thanks to a Lost Cousins connection I suspect that the Mr Thomas Barrett of the Saracen's Head, near Wye bridge mentioned in this article, is likely the first child of Francis Barrett and Catherine Pritchard of Herefordshire.

Thomas Barrett was born on 24 Apr 1820 in Burghill, Herefordshire, England and he married Esther SLACK on 10 Feb 1848 in Hereford, Herefordshire, England.

The Mr Pritchard mentioned in the article is likely Edward Pritchard, Thomas Barrett's uncle...

Hereford Times - Saturday 20 August 1853

COUNTY COURT— Thursday, Before J. M. Herbert, Esq. Breach of Contract.—The only case of interest at the County Court, held on Thursday last, was an action for breach of contract, in which Mr. Thomas Barrett, of the Saracen's Head, near Wye bridge, was the plaintiff, and Mr. John Banton, of Ross, the defendant.—Mr. Pritchard, who appeared for the plaintiff, stated that, Mr. Barrett being about relinquishing his business with a view of emigrating to Australia, the defendant entered into agreement to take to the stock, fixtures, &c, of the Saracen's Head a valuation. Mr. W. James, the auctioneer, was appointed valuer on behalf of the plaintiff, and Messrs. Morgan and Son, of Ross, on the part of the defendant. The valuation amounted to £511, and agreement was drawn up in which these words were inserted, " Either party neglecting to fulfil the terms of the contract, is to forfeit the sum of £50 liquidated damages.' The contract, he should show, was afterwards broken the defendant, and the present action was brought to recover the £50 damages under that agreement. What the defence would be, he did not know, but he thought it probable that this sum of £50 would be said to be a penalty and not liquidated damages, and that the plaintiff was only entitled to recover for any actual damage which he might have sustained the non-fulfilment of the contract. The words the agreement, however, were so clear that could not imagine his Honour would have the slightest difficulty in distinguishing between penalty and liquidated damages.—Mr. Lanwarne, for the defendant, said that Mr. Pritchard had quite anticipated the point he was about raise, and quoted several cases, analagous to the present, in which it was decided that, although in the agreements the sums were described as ”liquidated settled damages to be paid and forfeited without deduction”, they were in fact penalties and not liquidated damages. In the case of Davies v. Penton, Chief Justice Abbott made this remark —" A great deal has been said about the different import of the words penalty and stipulated damages, but I am of opinion, and shall always be so until has been otherwise determined by the higher Courts, that, whether the terms penalty or liquidated damage be employed, the party shall only be allowed to recover what damage he has really sustained." Mr. Justice Bayley also says, " Where the sum which is to be accrued for the performance of agreement of which there are several acts, will, some instances, be too much, and others too small a compensation, for the injury thereby sustained, that sum is to be considered a penalty." Now in the present agreement there were no less than five stipulations : first, that he should take to the premises secondly, have the effects valued on cer-day; thirdly, take to the agreement by which the premises are held under the Corporation ; fourthly, pay a particular sum a particular time; and fifthly, that he is to do everything in the agreement or forfeit a penalty £50. He (Mr. Lanwarne) therefore submitted that the plaintiff was only entitled to recover for any actual loss proved to have been sustained. —The Judge remarked that the Courts had always struggled to get at the real amount of damages sustained but he thought the present discussion premature. —Mr. Pritchard, reply to the objection, quoted the case of Lowe v. Pearce, in which the defendant agreed to pay to the plaintiff £1,000 if he married any person but herself, the forfeiture being there held to be liquidated damages and not a penalty. He also quoted Fletcher r. Dowle, and other cases, from which he drew the conclusion that, where the forfeiture was larger than the sum to be paid under the contract, it must be considered penalty and not liquidated damages. In the present instance the forfeiture was £50, the contract £511. —Mr. Lanwarne replied that the cases referred to by Mr. Pritchard quite confirmed the view which he had taken, viz., that where there one specific act, the breach of which incurred a fixed penalty, as in the case of Lowe v. Pearce, it was to be considered liquidated damages; but when there were five or six, the non-performance of any one of which would a breach of the contract, it was considered as a penalty and the party could only claim for actual damage sustained —His Honor was inclined take Mr. Lanwarne's view of the case, and quoted from Chitty very strong opinion of Chief Justice Tindal on the point.—After some discussion, Mr. Wm. James was called, and deposed that he was employed behalf of the plaintiff to value the effects at the Saracen's Head, Messrs. Morgan of Ross being engaged on the part of the defendant, who formerly kept the Royal Hotel tap at Ross; the stock, fixtures, &c., amounted to £511; the defendant was put in possession on the Monday, and remained so until the Wednesday, when he gave up the key to the plaintiff. A proposition was made by the plaintiff that the defendant should pay £140 down, and give joint notes of hand for the payment of the remainder from persons of responsibility, at three, six, and twelve months, and that £100 should remain until it would be more convenient for him to pay it. After making one or two attempts, defendant failed to give the required security, and gave up the premises. The defendant called at his house once or twice before the agreement was prepared, when he told him that the plaintiff's reason for leaving was that he was about to start for Australia ; defendant asked him what he thought the amount of the valuation would be ; he replied he could not tell within £20, but said it would amount as near possible to £500 and that it would be useless for him to think of entering into it unless he could command that sum. His answer was, “I know what my stock will fetch Ross, and I can command £.500 at least. In consequence the contract not being fulfilled, Mr. Barrett had been obliged to keep possession of the house, after having gone the expense of erecting a wooden house, and made extensive preparations for emigrating to Australia; witness' charge for making the valuation was 2 1/2per cent., which, with the stamp, and some other expenses, amounted to £13 10s. 2d. ; he should consider the sum of £50 very inadequate to remunerate the plaintiff for his loss.—Cross-examined : Knew that the plaintiff had gone to considerable expense in making preparations, but could not give any other specific item of loss except the £13 10s. 2d. ; he could not, of course, tell whether the going to Australia would have been an advantage or a disadvantage to the plaintiff, and had not taken into account, in the sum he had mentioned, the probability of his success in Australia ; plaintiff had been at some expense in erecting the wooden house to take with him ; and he did not consider it a saleable article, inasmuch as not one person in a thousand who emigrated to Australia thought of taking a house with them; the defendant was the occupation of the premises, and received the money for what was sold from the Monday afternoon until the Wednesday, it being usual for the incoming tenant to receive all money soon as stock had been taken by the excise officer, but he had been informed by Mr. Barrett that the defendant had handed over all the money which he received; he should say that very good trade is done at the Saracen's Head, but probably not so extensive it was prior the closing of the tram-road. —Mr. Barrett, the plaintiff, deposed that after the agreement was signed and the valuation made, as described Mr. James, he saw the defendant and asked him if he was prepared to pay the amount; he said that Mr. Morgan would be there presently, and they would try and get the matter settled ; Mr. Morgan shortly afterwards came, and the defendant then said that he had been disappointed in letting his house at Ross, and that his stock had not fetched anything like so much he had expected it would; plaintiff offered to take bills for £311, saying that he would leave £100 in his father's hands upon approved security ; defendant took possession on the Monday, and remained there until the Wednesday, receiving the money for the drink which was sold ; on the Wednesday he (plaintiff) met the defendant, Mr. James, and Mr. Morgan, at the Green Dragon, when the former said he could get no one to join him in bills for the amount; plaintiff asked him what was to be done, to which he replied, "You must take to the place again." After some little difficulty, the money which the defendant had received while in possession of the premises was returned; the wooden house, which cost him £29 13s, was partly finished when the defendant threw up the contract, and he (plaintiff) had expended a further sum of £20 on his outfit; altogether he had spent about £60 in making preparations for starting, independently of the expense of the valuation; he had been offered £10 for the house; he was least £30 out pocket, including Mr. James' charge, in consequence of the defendant not fulfilling his contract. —Cross-examined: Saw defendant Ross on the Sunday before the agreement was executed; the forfeiture of £50 was objected to, and the substitution of £5 suggested, to which he would not consent; defendant said that perhaps should be £100 deficient, upon which he (plaintiff) agreed to allow it to stand over for twelve months; had not given up all idea of going to Australia, but had no prospect of letting his house; defendant offered to pay him £140, including bill of £60, which he refused to take, because he knew nothing of the parties by whom it was drawn, and to give bills for the remainder, but this he declined to accept; had never said that he was glad it had ended as it had, and that he would go back into the business; the outfit consisted of boots and shoes and clothes, which are worth, to any one who wanted them, as much he gave for them, but he should find it difficult to dispose of them for half what they had cost; if he ultimately went to Australia, they would available.—Mr. Lanwarne contended that the question for his Honor to decide was the actual amount of damage which the plaintiff sustained. Mr. James had estimated that damage at £50, while the plaintiff himself estimated it at £30. Mr. James's claim of £13 he admitted he could not get rid of; but, with regard to the wooden mansion which the plaintiff had built, he certainly thought it rather a peculiar way of estimating the loss to say that he had been offered £10 for it. If any person about to emigrate required such a thing, he would readily purchase it at a premium of £10 rather than a loss of £20. It would take no harm by remaining for short time—on the other hand, the wood would become more thoroughly seasoned. The plaintiff, he therefore contended, was not entitled to compensation on account of this house. And, with regard to the outfit, a few pairs of boots and shoes were no ill store, and it was well known that articles of that description improved by keeping. -The Judge: But people cannot afford to lie out of their money. Mr Lanwarne: We are consistently told that there is not a better investment for money, if a man wants to make his fortune, than by buying boots and shoes “green” and keeping them hung up until they are seasoned. -The Judge: I have seen such announcements respecting Moses and Sons' clothes; but not boots and shoes. (Laughter.)-Mr Lanwarne: Moses and Sons' clothes will wear to pieces, but is well known that boots and shoes improve by keeping (laughter) ; therefore, I contend that, upon this point also, the plaintiff is not entitled to compensation. His Honor asked the plaintiff was disposed to take the small amount (£30) at once, without his considering the question of liquidated damages.-Mr. Pritchard assented —Mr. Lanwarne hoped, in that case, the defendant would be allowed the house and the stock of boots and shoes and he would not then object to the decision. (Laughter )—His Honor: You can have them by paying -£29 10s. for the house and £20 for the outfit – Judgment was then given for £30 with expenses, £10 of which was paid at once, and the remainder to be paid by monthly instalments of £5.

Saturday, 8 January 2022

Copy of 1921 Census Template

I don't know if this is going to work but I have tried to create a template for capturing the details from the 1921 census.  I have been purchasing the images only so will need to create the transcript myself.

Below is the link if anyone wants to take a copy of it to use. Hope it works.

Copy of 1921 Census Template

Monday, 6 December 2021

Meet Mrs. Crawley, a native of the Emerald Isle

Liverpool Telegraph - Wednesday 07 June 1837

A SOLDIER'S WIFE.—Mrs. Crawley, a native of the Emerald Isle, with as saucy a tongue and as many bruises upon her as would have graced a frequenter of Donnybrook Fair, was yesterday brought to the police office, for kicking up a riot, while in a drunken state, at the door of the magistrates' room, on the previous day. Mrs. Crawley was indignant at the charge, and said, "it was altogither wrong, for the jontleman in the blue coat had kilt her and murthered her intirely, till she fairly thought she should never have the life in her again." She then displayed a number of bruises upon her arms and neck ; but the police said she came to the office with these marks upon her. "Och ! and is it that ye mane ?" said Mrs. Crawley; "plase your Worshup, my husband has sarved his king and country in Enniskillen Dragoons, and I've been 25 years a rale soldier's wife, and the mother of thirteen childer, and bekase I gets a drap o' the cratur, sure, am I to be murthered over and over agin for nothing ?" The husband was ordered to be sent for, on whose arrival the soldier's wife was to be discharged.

Saturday, 27 November 2021


This has to be a case of postnatal depression or something similar. She had at least 3 children born in 1912, 1914 and 1916. The war would have been raging for almost 4 years and her husband was away with the army. Her mother and father had divorced in 1903 when her mother had given 'way to drink and vicious habits'. Who did she have to support her and the children mentally and physically?

These articles also highlight the inaccuracies in newspaper reporting at the time.

Evening Despatch - Monday 29 April 1918

MIDLAND TRAGEDY. SENSATIONAL SEQUEL TO VISIT TOWOLVERHAMPTON On Saturday night young married woman, named Ethel Murden, whose home is at 110, Willows-road, Birmingham, visited the house of her father, John Mitchell James, bootmaker, 315 and 316 New Hampton-road West, Wolverhampton. She had with her one of three young children, Irene, aged 2 1/2 years. After telling his daughter to wait while locked up the shop, Mr. James put out the lights, and was startled at hearing screams in the street, and Mrs. Murden was found bleeding from a wound in the throat. The child also was found to be injured, and was taken the hospital, where death took place shortly after. Mrs. Murden was taken to the institution, and last night was in critical condition.

Birmingham Daily Gazette - Monday 29 April 1918


On Saturday night a young married woman, named Ethel Murden, whose home is at 110, Willows-road, Birmingham, visited the house of her father, John Mitchell James, bootmaker. 315 and 316, New Hampton-road West, Wolverhampton. She had with her one of three young children, Irene, aged 2 1/2 years.

After telling his daughter to wait while he locked up the shop, Mr. James put out the lights, and was startled at hearing screams in the street, and Mrs. Murden was found bleeding from a wound in the throat.

The child also was found to be injured, and was taken to the hospital, where death took place shortly after. Mrs. Murden was taken to the institution, and last night was in a critical condition.

Birmingham Daily Post - Monday 29 April 1918


Wolverhampton was the scene of a distressing tragedy on Saturday night. A young married woman, Ethel Murden, of 110, Willow Road, Birmingham, paid a visit her father, John Mitchell James, bootmaker, 315 and 316, New Hampton Road West. She is the mother of three young children, and had with her one of them, Irene, aged 2 1/2 years.

Mr. James observed that his daughter was rather strange in her manner. When she was leaving he asked her to wait while he locked up the shop, and that he would go with her to the station. Mrs. Murden went outside the shop, and in a few moments her father heard screams in the street. Immediately afterwards Mrs. Murden was found by a man passing by bleeding extensively from a wound in the throat. The baby girl was lying on the ground near at hand, and was also injured. A woman took the child to the hospital, where death followed the same night. Mrs. Murden lies precarious state in hospital Her husband is now in the army, and was formerly a railway clerk.

Birmingham Daily Gazette - Tuesday 30 April 1918 & Evening Despatch - Tuesday 30 April 1918

WOLVERHAMPTON TRAGEDY The Birmingham woman, Ethel Murden, of Willows-road, who was found outside her father’s shop at Wolverhampton on Saturday night, with her infant boy James— not girl, as previously stated—both suffering from wounds in the throat, was reported last night to be in grave condition. The inquest on the boy is fixed for Wednesday. 

Birmingham Daily Gazette - Friday 03 May 1918

Ethel Murdin, Willows-road, Birmingham, who figured in the tragedy at Wolverhampton Saturday night, was reported last night to be little better.

Staffordshire Advertiser - Saturday 04 May 1918

Daughter's Tragic Visit. Wolverhampton was the scene of a distressing tragedy on Saturday night. A young married woman. Ethel Murden. of 110, Willow-road. Birmingham, paid a visit to her father, John Mitchell James, bootmaker, 315 and 316, New Hampton-road West. She is the mother of three young children, and had with her one of them, Irene, aged two and a-half years. Mr. James observed that his daughter was rather strange in her manner. When she was leaving asked her to wait while he locked up the shop, and said he would go with her to the Station. Mrs. Murden went outside the shop, and in a few moments, her father heard screams in the street. Immediately afterwards Mrs. Murden was found by a man passing by bleeding extensively from a wound in the throat. The baby girl was lying on the ground near at hand, and was also injured. A woman took the child to the hospital, where death followed. Mrs. Murden lies in a precarious state hospital. Her husband is now in the Army, and was formerly a railway clerk.

Birmingham Daily Post - Thursday 09 May 1918


The Coroner's enquires into the tragedy Whitmore Reans, Wolverhampton, the victims of which were Geoffrey Phillip Murdin (2 1/2), and his mother, Ethel Murdin (32), of 110, Willows Rood, Cannon Hill, Birmingham, who died after lingering a week in the Wolverhampton Hospital, concluded at Wolverhampton last night.

The evidence showed that Mrs. Murdin, whose husband is a signaller, on active service, arrived unexpectedly on the night of April 27 at the boot shop kept by her father, John Mitchell James in Newhampton Road. Wolverhampton, and when he expressed surprise she said she was obliged to come but did not explain what she meant. The father told her they had just moved into a private house, and he did not know how they could manage, but would go round with her and if they could not do anything he would see her to the station. He said her mind seemed in a terrible state, but she had been very strange for a long time. Whilst he was locking up the shop Mrs. Murdin went out and apparently took a knife from the counter, for just after she was found cutting at her throat with the knife whilst the boy was lying on the ground with his throat cut.

Mrs, Murdin's brother, Ernest A. James, Ladypool Road, Birmingham, said she had been very strange for 18 months. He saw her the day of the tragedy, and she talked wildly, and asked to be put in an asylum. He was about to see about having her placed in an institution, but could not do so on that day. Her married life had not been unhappy.

It was stated that the husband had been wired to, but nothing had been heard from him. The jury returned a verdict that the boy was wilfully murdered by the mother, who herself committed suicide whilst of unsound mind. They recommended the coroner to censure strongly the father and the brother of Mrs. Murdin on their treatment of her on the day of the crime. - Both the father and the brother stated that they had done all they possibly could for Mrs. Murdin, and the Coroner himself said he could not go as far as the jury in their view.

Birmingham Daily Gazette - Thursday 09 May 1918

THE MIDLAND TRAGEDY. Verdict at the Wolverhampton Inquest. A disagreement between the Coroner and jury on a question of censure arose at the inquest at Wolverhampton last night into the circumstances of the tragedy on Saturday week involving the death Geoffrey Philip Murdin, aged 2 1/2, and his mother, Ethel Murdin, aged 32, wife of a signaller in the cavalry, and formerly residing at 110, Willows-road, Cannon Hill, Birmingham. Mrs. Murdin visited the shop of her father, John Mitchell James, bootmaker. Wolverhampton, just before 9 o'clock on Saturday night week with her two children, He was very much surprised, but promised that if they could not put her up for the night—having moved into private house the day before— he would see her to the railway station. A Cobbler's Knife. While was locking the shop his daughter went outside and apparently took with her a cobbler's knife off the counter. for a moment later she was found in the street hacking at her throat, while the child lay on the pavement with his throat gashed. Mrs. Murdin's brother, Ernest James, also a bootmaker, Ladypool-road, Sparkbrook, Birmingham, said his sister had been strange in her mind for eighteen months, but was not in financial difficulties.

Not Unhappy.

She had not been unhappy in her married life, though owing to her eccentricity she once separated from her husband, only become reconciled in a few weeks. She called at his house on the day of the tragedy and asked to be put away in asylum, or even in prison, and he promised to see what could be done next day.

The jury returned a verdict "Wilful Murder" against the mother and that she was insane when she committed suicide, and they requested the Coroner to censure both the brother and father of the woman for their treatment her on the day of the tragedy.

Both were recalled, and stated they had done all they could for the deceased. The Coroner said he could not go so far as the jury himself. The Foreman, however, said the woman ought never to have been left.

Her parents' divorce

Leominster News and North West Herefordshire & Radnorshire Advertiser - Friday 13 March 1903

A PAINFUL STORY Mr. Justice Barnes and a common jury, on Friday afternoon, had before them the case of James v. James, in which Mr. John Mitchell James. a bootmaker in Birmingham, sought a dissolution of his marriage with his wife on the ground of her adultery with a man unknown. Mr. Priestley. K.C., stated that the story was a peculiar and a sad one, especially when it was considered that the woman was of the age that she was, and the principal witnesses were the sons of the petitioner and respondent. The parties were married as long ago as 1873. and there had been eight children of the marriage. the eldest being 27 years of age. The petitioner was a bootmaker in a small way of business at Ladypool Road, Birmingham, and it appeared that six years ago the respondent gave way to drink and vicious habits. She had been seen by her sons last year in the company of men. In May last, when Ernest, one of the sons, was in bed he heard the voices of a man and a woman talking. He went down to the back of the house, and found a man coming out. He made a spring at him. and asked him who he was. " Ask the missus." he said, "I have been courting the missus." The husband taxed his wife the neat morning, and she said. " I know I have done wrong. Forgive me." Petitioner replied that he could not forgive her because of the disgrace to the children. —Ernest James, the son of the petitioner and respondent. gave evidence, and in the course of it he broke down, sobbing bitterly in the box.—Mr. Justice Barnes, on the jury intimating that they had heard enough, said that the case was a very sad one, and in which there seemed to be but little doubt.—The jury found for the petitioner, and his Lordship granted a decree nisi.

Evesham Standard & West Midland Observer - Saturday 14 March 1903

A PAINFUL STORY. Mr. Justine Barnes; and a common jury, on Friday afternoon, had before them the case of James v. James, in which Mr. John Mitchell James, a bootmaker in Birmingham, sought a dissolution of his marriage with his wife on the ground of her adultery with a man unknown. Mr. Priestley. K.C., stated that the story was a peculiar and a sad one. especially when it was considered that the woman was of the age that she was, and that the principal witnesses were the sons of the petitioner and respondent. The parties were married as long ago as 1873, and there had been eight children of the marriage, the eldest being 27 years of age. petitioner was a bootmaker in a small way of business at Ladypool Road, Birmingham, and it appeared' that six years ago the respondent gave way to drink and vicious habits. She had been seen by her sons last year in the company of men. In May last when Ernest. one of the sons. was in bed he heard the voices of a man and a woman talking. He went down to the back of the house, and found a man coming out. He made a spring at him. and asked him who he was. "Ask the missus." he said, "I have been courting the missus." The husband taxed his wife the next morning. and she said, "I know I have done wrong. Forgive me." Petitioner. replied that he could not forgive her because of the disgrace to the children. Petitioner gave corroborative evidence. Ernest James, the son of the petitioner and respondent, gave evidence. and in the course of it he broke down, sobbing bitterly in the box. Mr. Justice Barnes, on the jury intimating that they had heard enough said that the case was a very sad one, and one in which there seemed to be but little doubt. The jury found for the petitioner, and his Lordship granted a decree nisi. 

Saturday, 20 November 2021


Meet my great, great uncle Elijah Southall :-)

Birmingham Daily Gazette - Tuesday 25 July 1916

A PLUCKY RESCUE The story of a plucky rescue from drowning came to the knowledge of the Smethwick police yesterday. Elijah Southall, Glover-street, West Bromwich, was in Brasshouse-lane when saw a child in the canal. He jumped from the parapet of the bridge, but unfortunately dropped onto the embankment and sustained serious injury to his ankle. He had the presence of mind, however, to slide down the bank and rescue the child, a girl named Nellie Maull, aged 6, Melbourne-avenue, Smethwick. 

Evening Despatch - Tuesday 25 July 1916

A PLUCKY RESCUE. The story of plucky rescue from drowning came to the knowledge of the Smethwick police yesterday. Elijah Southall, of Glover-street, West Bromwich, was in Brass house-lane, when saw child in the canal. He jumped from the parapet of the bridge, but unfortunately dropped to the embankment and sustained serious injury to his ankle. He had the presence of mind, however, slide down the bank and rescue the child, a girl named Nellie Maull, aged 6, of Melbourne-Avenue, Smethwick.

Smethwick Telephone - Saturday 29 July 1916

Jumped Over Canal Bridge to Save Drowning Child. 

The Police are making enquiries with regard to a very plucky rescue from drowning which occurred near Brasshouse Lane bridge, a few days ago. 

It appears that Elijah Southall, of Spon Lane, was passing along the bridge when he noticed a child drowning in the canal. Without a moment's hesitation, he jumped over the parapet. He did not drop into the water, but onto the embankment and sustained some injury. However, he had the presence of mind to continue the work of rescue and he succeeded in pulling a child named Nellie Maull, aged 6 years, of 25, Melbourne Avenue, from the water. The girl had suffered very much from the effects of her immersion but recovered with the kindly attention of residents in the locality. Southall does not appear to have made any great show of his bravery, but made his way home as best he could. He has since been suffering from a badly sprained ankle, it being thought at one time that the limb was broken. 

Monday, 25 October 2021

Mangan Mystery

I wanted to understand if there was any connection between the following four Mangan family groups. I have a DNA match with one of the groups but I don't know if it is through the Mangan branch or not.

Group 1

Richard Mangan was born before 1839 in India (based on the assumption that he was at least 13 years old when he had his son).

He was killed on 27 Jun 1857 at Cawnpore, India (Guestimate from Forces War Records). Also listed in the Indian Mutiny list at under Bengal Field Artillery as Gunner Richard Mangan - killed at Cawnpore 27 June 1857

Richard Mangan, Gunner Bengal Horse Artillery and Rose Bowser of Meerut baptised, on 19 May 1852, Augustus Richard Mangan. Augustus Richard had been born on 19 Apr 1852 in Meerut, Bengal, India.

(FamilySearchBeta C75005-8 India-EASy 498990 v81p257).

He died on 01 Feb 1902 in Kolkata, West Bengal, India

(FamilySearchBeta B75027-5 India-EASy 527512 0527512).

His granddaughter's husband's family line can be traced back to Limerick and Shanagolden.

Group 2

Joseph Mangan married Mary Ann Donohoe in December 1864 in Trim, County Meath in Ireland.

Their son James was born around 1870 but the birth record has yet to be found and neither have any siblings so far. James married Catherine Adams in November 1895 and their son James may have been born a few months earlier. They were thought to have had 4 children but only 2 survived. Catherine died in 1901 and James remarried and had another family. I had found the marriage record for James and Catherine (Kate) a few years back. The place of residence appears to be Carberstown, just outside of Trim, Meath.

I also found two of the children

James born in 1895 – but there is no image available yet.

William born in 1900 in Brannockstown, Meath – an hours walk away from Carberstown according to Google maps.

Group 3

James Mangan married Georgiana Sandys in Dublin in 1863 and they went on to have a number of children who were born in Dublin, Limerick and various places in England. However, the parents of James and Georgiana were not known. Since starting this research yesterday I believe I have established who James' father and siblings were. One of their sons ends up in India in the late 1890s.

Group 4

Whilst googling James Mangan I came across a poet with the name James Clarence Mangan. Apparently, everyone with the name Mangan who lives in Ireland thinks their family is related to this poet. But what got my interest was that he was from Dublin but his family were from Limerick - in fact, some sources quote Shanagolden hence my interest here. He was apparently the second of five children of James Mangan (1765–1843) from Shanagolden, Co. Limerick.

The mystery

Since getting the DNA match I have been wondering if the families are connected in some way.

When I had previously checked out the marriage of James Mangan and Georgiana Sandys (Group 3) in Dublin in 1863 the image had not been available but it is now!

James is described as of full age, a bachelor, Clerk in Holy orders of 33 Henry Street, Limerick son of James Mangan, clockmaker.

Georgiana is described as a minor, spinster of 40 Lower Camden Street daughter of William Sandys, schoolmaster.

They were married by licence in the Parish Church in the Parish of St Peter in the City of Dublin on 31 December 1863.

The witnesses were Joseph Evans [?] and Richard H Irvine [?]

[Further research could be done to find the marriage license and also to see if there are any records of school masters]

I googled James Mangan and Clockmaker and there was one for Cork but nothing for Dublin or Limerick.

I decided to see what the British Newspaper Archive might have and spotted this...

Cork Constitution - Friday 19 June 1863


On the 18th inst., at the Church of the Holy Trinity, by the Rev. William R. Mangan. M.A., assisted the Rev. James Mangan. LL.B., Charles D. Cooke, to Jane, eldest daughter of James Mangan, both this city.

I knew that James Mangan who married Georgiana Sandys (Group 3) was the Rev'd Dr James Mangan and here he was assisting with the marriage of a Jane Mangan daughter of a James Mangan in Cork 6 months before his own wedding. Could Jane be his sister, James the father and William R perhaps a brother?

I then looked for the marriage and found this...

Party 1 Name         CHARLES COOKE

Party 2 Name         JANE MANGAN

Date of Event         18 June 1863

Group Registration ID 3321499

SR District/Reg Area Cork

The marriage took place on 18 June 1863 at the Parish Church in the Parish of the Holy Trinity in the City of Cork.

Charles Cooke is described as of full age, a bachelor, Hardware Merchant of Patrick Street, Christ Church Parish, son of William Cooke, Landholder.

Jane S Mangan is described as of full age, a spinster, of Patrick Street, Christ Church Parish, daughter of James Mangan, Watchmaker.

They too were married by License, this time by William R Mangan Clk MA Curate of Ballymoney Dis. Cork.

The witnesses were Edward H Cooke and Richard Mangan.

[Again further research could be done to find the marriage license

So I then went back to google to look at the James Mangan clockmaker from Cork.

It mentions that a silver pocket watch has the name JAS. MANGAN - 3 Patrick St – Cork on it. This appears to be the same address as on the marriage record.

So I think group 3's family is

James Mangan – watch/clockmaker of Cork

1. Rev. William R Mangan - likely a son?
2. Rev. James Mangan (son) who marries Georgiana Sandys
3. Jane S(?) Mangan (daughter) who marries Charles Deane Cooke

Jane may have been Jane Scott Mangan as there are baptisms on Ancestry for a Jane Scott Mangan and Charles Deane Cooke for the following children

Child: William Henry Cooke
Child: Grace Edith Cook
Child: Amy Madeline Cooke
Child: Florence Evelyn Cooke
Child: Mary Lillian Cooke

It looks like Jane died 29 April 1876 and her residence was given as Mardyke Cottage, Cork. Her age at death was given as 38 making her year of birth c1838.

This could be it Mardyke Cottage! A very large 'cottage' by the looks of it!

Charles Deane Cooke marries again in 1879 to a Frances Murray

Charles dies in 1917


Date of Death 1917

Group Registration ID 5593585

SR District/Reg Area Cork

Deceased Age at Death 89

Here is the Cooke family on the 1901 census.

Residents of a house 41 in Mardyke (Cork Urban No. 7, Cork)

Surname Forename Age Sex Relation to head Religion

Cooke Charles Deane 73 Male Head of Family Church of Ireland

Cooke Frances 64 Female Wife Church of Ireland

Cooke William H 36 Male Son Church of Ireland

Cooke Mary Lillian 34 Female Daughter Church of Ireland

Cooke James M 32 Male Son Church of Ireland

Cooke Jane 24 Female Daughter Church of Ireland

Horgan Hannah 28 Female Servant Roman Catholic

And here they are in the 1911 census

Residents of a house 49 in Mardyke including Terraces (Cork No. 7 Urban (part of), Cork)

Surname Forename Age Sex Relation to head Religion

Cooke Charles Deans 83 Male Head of Family Church of Ireland

Cooke Frances 75 Female Wife Church of Ireland

Cooke William H 46 Male Son Church of Ireland

Cooke Mary L 45 Female Daughter Church of Ireland

Cooke Jane 33 Female Daughter Church of Ireland

Cooke James M 43 Male Son Church of Ireland

Kelly Ellen 22 Female Servant Roman Catholic

The following might be James Mangan (watch/clockmakers) death on Ancestry

Name:                James Mangan
Gender:              Male
Marital status:    Married
Age:                     76
Birth Date:           1794
Death Date:          23 Dec 1870
Death Place:         3 Patrick Street, Cork, Cork, Ireland
FHL Film Number: 101727
Reference ID: rn 114 ln 182

And his probate record mentioning Richard Mangan (perhaps the witness at Jane's marriage back in 1863?)

Deceased Surname Mangan

Deceased Forename James
Primary Beneficiary/Executor Richard Mangan
Date of Death 23 Dec 1870
County of Death Cork

I decided to see what I could find out about Rev. William R Mangan and I noticed the following entry. I don't have a subscription so all could get was the name Reazon.

So I started searching for Rev. William Reazon Mangan on British Newspaper Archive and hit a jackpot.

Grantham Journal - Saturday 23 December 1893

DEATH OF THE REV. W. B. MANGAN, VIGAR OF CALDECOTE. 'Only a week ago, we recorded festival services, held in connection with the re-opening of St. John the Evangelist's Church, Caldecote, after undergoing restoration; and is to-day our sad and painful duty chronicle the removal, by death, of the author that excellent work, the Rev. W. R. Mangan* Vicar, having died at his residence at Caldecote last Saturday, from au attack of influenza. The rev. gentleman conducted the Church re-opening services Thursday fortnight, and appeared in good health. It seems, however, that contracted a cold about that time. took part in the services on the succeeding Sunday morning, administering the Holy Communion at the early celebration at half-past eight, and taking matins and the Litany afterwards, but at evensong, at 6.1K), the Vicar was altogether indisposed, and unable to attend or assist the special preacher. His condition gradually became worse, and bronchitis and other complications supervened : it was not until late in the week that the most serious apprehensions were realised by those in constant attendance, and entered into his eternal at seven o'clock Saturday morning. Dr. Duke, Treat Easton, attended the sufferer. The knell the passing-bell propagated the melancholy intelligence amongst the villagers, which came great his decease was never thought to be near at Deceased leaves a widow and only son, for whom the greatest commiseration is expressed by the inhabitants not only of Lyddington and Caldecote, but other contiguous villages, in their distressing bereavement. Master Gerald Mangan was away at School, but when grave fears were entertained was summoned to the bed-side of his dying father, and arrived home during Saturday afternoon only to discover the sad fact that his parent's life had fled. The Rev. William Reazon Mangan, M.A., was descended from old French family that had settled in the South Ireland previous to the Revocation the Edict of Nantes. He was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, where he took his B.A. and Divinity Test. (2ud class) 1852, M.A. 1836. was ordained deacon in 1852, and priest in 1853, in the diocese Tuam; he held successively the curacies Kiltullagh, Ballymoney, and St. Anne's, Shandon, and the Rectories of and Killanully. In 1874, after the Disestablishment of the Irish Church, being dissatisfied with the very ill-advised changes made Synod, came to England, and recommenced his career in the sister Church. From 1874-75, he was curate of St. Margaret's, Leicester, and Assistant Chaplain of the Borough Gaol; from 1875-82, curate of Emmanuel Church, Loughborough, and Chaplain of the Union. 1882, was appointed priest-in-charge the mission district New Humberstone. We are unacquainted wit the details the first chapter of his life in Ireland ; but when came to New Humberstone, we know what an energetic worker he was, what difficulties had to contend with in an entirely new neighbourhood, with a rapidly increasing population, and what success won. Within four years, was appointed first Vicar of St. Barnabas, the beautiful Church he had raised by his exertions. this sphere of work continued nine year-*, during most of the time single handed, welding together the different factions of a new and neglected suburb—a priest sympathy with his people, /inning the hearts of all who knew him by his zeal and devotion. In 1801, he retired to the country Vicarage Caldecote, given him the Bishop of Peterborough, but not before the success his long efforts, for completion of the parochial buildings adjacent to the Church at New Humberstone was secured. At Caldecote, was greatly beloved by his people, and will missed. His wife has lost a good husband, his son a dear father, his acquaintances a friend, a» agreeable companion, a hospitable host. The rev. gentleman was eloquent extempore preacher, and his sermons were thoroughly appreciated. The joint living Caldecote and is in the gift the Bishop of the diocese (Dr. Creighton), and of the annual value of ±'240, with 130 acres of glebe. Lyddington has a population of 401, and Caldecote 303. The funeral of the deceased clergyman took place in Caldecote churchyard last Wednesday afternoon. Despite the unfavourable weather, a large number of the villagers were present, all of whom, by their demeanour and reverence, testified their affection and respect for the memory of the departed. Among the gathering we noticed—The Rev. Leonard Addison (Vicar Gretton), Rev. Fredk. Briudley (of Middlesex Hospital), Rev. H. Von. Glehn (curate ot Great Easton), Mr. W. Abell (churchwarden of St. Barnabas', Leicester), Dr. Duke (Gaston Majma), Mr. Thomas Stevenson (churchwarden of St. Andrew's, Lyddington), Mr. W. F. Haddon and Mr. H. Drakeley (churchwardens, Caldecote), Miss Stokes, Miss Jacques, Miss Rains, Mrs. T. Brown, Mr. G. Brown, Mr. and Mrs. Morriss, Mr. Phillips, Mr. Mr. PI. Smith (Seaton), &c. The funeral left ' »e Vicarage at noon, the interment being at half-past twelve o'clock. The coffin was met at the entrance gate the Rev. H. Deene Hilton, M.A., Rector of All Hallows', Seaton, and the Rev. Mr. Ninis, curate of St. Barnabas' Church, Leicester, who represented that parish in the Vicar's absence, through ill-health. The Rev. Mr. Hilton read the opening sentences the burial office, i The body was placed near the chancel steps in the sacred edifice which deceased had so recently restored, and the joyous re-opening services of barely a fortnight ago were succeeded bv a most impressive and ceremony. So closely 'are joy and sorrow intertwined! His work was finished! “God's finger touched him and he slept!" The Rev. J. B. Bayuard, curate-incharge of Liddington, continued the funeral service. Ere the bodv was removed, the choir, with Miss Brown at the harmonium,sang the beautiful hymn, "Now the labourer's task is o'er " ; and as the coffin was carried through the Church, Whittingham's Nunc Dimittis in G, “ Lord, now Thou Thy servant depart in peace," was impressively sung. The coffin was borne to the grave by the following—being ringers and singers from both villages :—Messrs. Win. Goodwin, Jno. Clarke, Wm. Branston, Jos. Branstou, Chas. Frisby, and Thos. Thorpe (Lyddington), Fredk. Jeffs, Jno. Wm. Ward, Wm. Ward, John Wignall, Wm. Chambers, and Hy. Woods (Caldecote). The Rector of Seaton conducted the concluding portion the burial office, and the obsequies having ended, the assemblage took a final farewell. The plain earthen grave is situate near the chancel end of the Church. Deceased's son. Master Gerald Mangan, was amongst the mourners, but Mrs. Mangan was severely indisposed and unable follow her husband's remains. The handsome plain oaken coffin was supplied by Mr. F. Jeffs, of Caldecote, and on a massive brass breastplate was engraved— “William Reazon Mangan, M.A., died Dec. 16th. 1893, aged 67 years." Messrs. Morley and Son, Cheapside, Leicester, undertook the funeral arrangements. Flowers, that have been beautifully called the “fringes of the garment of God," covered the coffin and grave, the following inscriptions being attached to these numerous tokens of love aud esteem :— “ Mother and Gerald, in loving memory of dear father"; Mrs. Sharman and family, Prebendal House, Lyddington— “ With much sympathy " ; " Nieces and nephews, a token of respect, in Willesden Green " ; Misses Hawthorn— “With much sympathy"; E. Camall—"With sincere sympathy "; Mrs. E. Bassett— “ A token of respect and sympathy Mr. and Mrs. Wardle—"With deep sympathy"; Thompson and Miss Robinson, lyddington—"With much sympathy"; Rev. H. Hilton— “ In affectionate memory of a valued friend "; “With Arthur and Mary's warmest sympathy"; Mr. and Mrs. Clement Gibbs— “ In affectionate remembrance"; Dr. aud Mrs. Duke— “With kindest sympathy"; Mr. and Mrs. Morris— “With much sympathy "; Mr. H. Drakeley and Mr. W. F. Haddon, churchwardens; Mr. W. J. Ford and family, Sc. Barnabas, Leicester “In loving remembrance a true pastor and sincere friend"; “ With Alfred and Carrie's loving sympathy " ; Miss Mercer— “With kindest sympathy and in remembrance"; Mr. Alfred M. Corah, Stonygate, Leicester—" With kindest remembrance"; Rev. S. E. Cottam, of London; Mr. and Mrs. Cooper, Evington Hall— “Deepest sympathy" ; and others. On Sunday evening last, the service at St. John's Church was of a very solemn character. The preacher was the Rev. H. D. Hilton, of Seaton Rectory, who delivered an impressive and appropriate sermon from the text— “Right dear in the sight of the Lord is the death of His saints."

Grantham Journal - Saturday 01 September 1894


IN MEMORIAM —A very beautiful large cross of white marble, resting on a stone base, and supplied by Mr. Collin, London-road, Leicester, has just been placed over the grave the late Vicar of Lyddington-cum-Caldeeote, situate at the south-east corner of the chancel, in St. John's Churchyard. It is sculptured with shamrock, harp in centre, a crown above, with I.H.S. beneath; and the marble base appears the engraving:—" Erected by his wife and son, loving memory of Rev. William Reazon Mangan, M.A., Vicar of this parish, who died December 16th, 1893, aged 68. ' I will behold Thy Face in righteousness I shall be satisfied, when awake, with Thy likeness.'"

There is so much information in the two articles but I picked up on the following:

  • Gerald Mangan was his son

  • His wife was still alive at the time of his death

  • The Rev. William Reazon Mangan, M.A., was descended from old French family that had settled in the South Ireland previous to the Revocation the Edict of Nantes.

  • ...he held successively the curacies Kiltullagh, Ballymoney... (on Jane Mangan's marriage record it William R Mangan Clk MA Curate of Ballymoney Dis. Cork.)

Searching for William Reazon Mangan on the Family Search website came up with the following death notice.

Probate William Reazon Mangin

Transvaal, South Africa

Name of the deceased: Gerald Richard Fitzwilliam Mangin

Father: William Reazon Mangin

Married: Eva [?] Grace Mangin nee Temple [?] Johannesberg

Died: 17 April 1935


Geoffrey Temple Corah Mangin born 5 September 1918

Patrick Peter Reazon Mangin born 2 April 1925

A search on Ancestry finds the probate record which gives the name of his wife as Sarah Jane Mangan.

Name: William Reazon Mangan
Death Date: 16 Dec 1893
Death Place: Rutland, England
Probate Date: 12 Feb 1894
Probate Registry: Leicestershire, England

His burial

Name: William Reazon Mangan
Age: 68
Birth Year: abt 1825
Burial Date: 20 Dec 1893
Burial Place: Caldecote, Northamptonshire, England
Parish as it Appears: Caldecote

It also gives a very interesting link to a Rev William Razen Mangan in the Pennsylvania, U.S., Wills and Probate Records, 1683-1993

Name: Rev William Razen Mangan
Gender: Male
Relationship: Nephew-in-law
Item Description: Wills, No 1211-1238, 1882

Individuals Listed Relationship
Richard Crosher
Sarah Jane Crosher Wife
John Sarson Friend
John Henry Eddowes Friend
Elizabeth Marston Niece
George Crosher Brother
Sarah Jane Niece
William Razen Mangan Nephew-in-law
Mary Elizabeth Niece
John Biddles Nephew-in-law
Benjamin Crosher Brother
Mary Ann Gibbs Niece
Elizabeth Russell Niece
Elizabeth Corah Sister
Annie Sophia Beasley Niece
Mary Beasley Sister
Mary Elizabeth Daughter Daughter
Thomas Holme Son-in-law

The will states

To my Niece Sarah Jane the Wife of The Reverend William Razen Mangan the sum of one hundred pounds.

A search of FreeBMD leads to this marriage

Marriages Sep 1876
Corah Sarah Jane Leicester 7a 281
Mangan William Reazor Leicester 7a 281
MAUGAN William Reazor Leicester 7a 281

Here they are in the 1881 census

Name: William R. Maugan [William R. Mangan]
Age: 54
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1827
Relationship to Head: Head
Spouse: Sarah Jane Maugan
Gender: Male
Where born: Ireland
Civil Parish: Loughborough
County/Island: Leicestershire
Country: England
Street Address: Burton Street
Marital status: Married
Occupation: Curate (Of Emmanuel)
Registration District: Loughborough
ED, institution, or vessel: 2
Piece: 3144
Folio: 19
Page Number: 22

Household Members:
Name Age
William R. Maugan 54
Sarah Jane Maugan 39
Gerald R.F. Maugan 3
Mary S. Maugan 27
Mary Anne Widdowson 25
Alice Marlow 19

And in the 1891 census

Name: Wm R Mangan
Gender: Male
Age: 65
Relationship: Head
Birth Year: 1826
Spouse: Sarah J Mangan
Child: Jerold F Mangan
Birth Place: Ireland
Civil parish: Humberstone
Ecclesiastical parish: St Barnabas
Residence Place: Humberstone, Leicestershire, England
Registration district: Billesdon
Sub registration district: Billesdon
ED, Institution or Vessel: 16
Piece: 2495
Folio: 66
Household Members Age Relationship
Wm R Mangan 65 Head
Sarah J Mangan 45 Wife
Jerold F Mangan 13 Son
Sarah J Iovkey 16 Servant
Emily M Gibbs 24 Niece

And his wife and son on the 1901 census  

Name: Gerald R F W Mangan
Age: 23
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1878
Relation to Head: Son
Gender: Male
Mother: Sarah Jane Mangan
Birth Place: Loughborough
Civil Parish: Leicester formerly Knighton
Ecclesiastical parish: Knighton St Mary Magdalene
County/Island: Leicestershire
Country: England
Street Address:
Registration District: Leicester
Sub-registration District: South Leicester
ED, institution, or vessel: 10
Piece: 3003
Folio: 30
Page Number: 1
Household Schedule Number: 7
Household Members:
Sarah Jane Mangan 61
Gerald R F W Mangan 23
Sarah Ann Wightman 39

There are about 6 family trees showing Gerald but one has the marriage for his parents the Rev William Reazon Mangan and Sarah Jane Corah which shows William's father as James Mangan, Manufacturer. However, the also have a newpaper cutting which shows they were married at St John's, Leicester on 4 July 1876 by the Rev. James Mangan, LL.D, D.D., rector of Barmer, and brother of the bridegroom. A copy of which can be found on British Newspaper Archives - Liverpool Mercury - Saturday 08 July 1876

In another article also in the Liverpool Mercury - Wednesday 20 December 1876

it states the Rev. James Mangan, D.D., vicar of Barmer, late prebendary of Limerick...

This links this Rev. James Mangan back to Limerick which is where he was living at the time of his marriage in 1863.

I managed to find a copy of the Clerical and parochial records of Cork, Cloyne, and Ross that wasn't behind a paywall

Mangan, William Reazon. Eldest son of James Mangan, of Cork. Born 1 Sept., 1825. Entered T.C.D., as a Pensioner, on 8 Nov., 1847. Graduated A.B. in 1852, and A.M. in 1856. Deacon, 22 Aug., 1852, and Priest, 28 August, 1853, both at Tuam, for the curacy of Kiltullagh. Appointed on 1 August, 1854, by the Bishop of Cork, to the charge of Ballymoney parish (during vacancy), and licensed as Curate thereof on 21 Dec., 1855.

So my theory:

James Mangan – watch/clockmaker of Patrick Street, Cork

1. Rev. William Reazon Mangan – eldest son born 1 September 1825 in Cork married Sarah Jane Corah in 1876

2. Rev. James Mangan (son) who marries Georgiana Sandys in 1863

3. Jane Scott Mangan (daughter) marries Charles Deane Cooke in 1863

There is so much research that could be done on this family but I will leave it there. There are about 7 ancestry trees that are missing the parents of the Rev. James Mangan so now doubt they would enjoy discovering all there is now that a start has been made on the father and siblings.

Updated: Here is the burial for Jane Scott Cooke nee Mangan -